ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States

Longjian Liu, Jamiliyah Gilliam, Kathleen Zitka, Lisa Ulmer.

Abstract
Skin cancer is reaching an epidemic and is the most common type of cancer in the United States with more than 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Using a pre-test and post-test study design, we compared participants’ (n=800) knowledge (K), attitudes about skin cancer (A), and intention to screen (I) after their participating in a one-hour health education session that seeks to builds trust, discuss health information, and encourage action. The results show that this educational session had a significant proximal impact on subjects’ KAI status. Average knowledge scores on skin cancer prevention significantly increased, average attitude scores indicating that screening is embarrassing or painful, significantly decreased, and intention to screen scores significantly increased. Participants with higher education levels had higher favorable scores. In conclusion, the proximal results of the skin cancer education program suggest that an action-oriented participatory health education may play an important role in improving skin cancer prevention.

Key words: Skin cancer, education, behavioral health, pretest and posttest


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Liu L, Gilliam J, Zitka K, Ulmer L. Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211


Web Style

Liu L, Gilliam J, Zitka K, Ulmer L. Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=20990 [Access: July 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Liu L, Gilliam J, Zitka K, Ulmer L. Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Liu L, Gilliam J, Zitka K, Ulmer L. Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. J Behav Health. (2012), [cited July 21, 2018]; 1(4): 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



Harvard Style

Liu, L., Gilliam, J., Zitka, K. & Ulmer, L. (2012) Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. J Behav Health, 1 (4), 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



Turabian Style

Liu, Longjian, Jamiliyah Gilliam, Kathleen Zitka, and Lisa Ulmer. 2012. Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (4), 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



Chicago Style

Liu, Longjian, Jamiliyah Gilliam, Kathleen Zitka, and Lisa Ulmer. "Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States." Journal of Behavioral Health 1 (2012), 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Liu, Longjian, Jamiliyah Gilliam, Kathleen Zitka, and Lisa Ulmer. "Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States." Journal of Behavioral Health 1.4 (2012), 243-251. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Liu, L., Gilliam, J., Zitka, K. & Ulmer, L. (2012) Knowledge about health effects of sun exposure, attitudes, and intention to screen for skin cancer: Findings from the Pennsylvania Cancer Education Network in the United States. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (4), 243-251. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120811030211





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