ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students

Yongwen Jiang, Jan Mermin, Tara Cooper, Rosemary Reilly-Chammat, Samara Viner-Brown.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Introduction: The purposes of this study were (1) to summarize multiple related health indicators within a health domain using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify the patterns of risky behaviors and health conditions; (2) to profile high risk behaviors and health conditions among sexual minority and unsure students.
Methods: The Rhode Island Youth Risk Behavior Survey is a population-based high school survey conducted in odd years between 2007 and 2015 with a total sample size of 14,718. Thirty-four indicators of five domains were identified: safety and being bullied, depression and suicide, substance use, sexual behavior, and health conditions. LCA was used to categorize students into high- and low-risk classes based on similar patterns of indicators, then these two classes were cross-tabbed with sexual minority categories. The analysis was conducted on 2017.
Results: Bisexual, lesbian and gay, and unsure (not sure of sexual orientation identity) students had higher health-related risks and conditions than their heterosexual peers. Students who reported sexual contact were more likely to have engaged in risky behaviors than those who reported they never had sexual contact. Those who identified as heterosexual, but who had sexual contact with the same sex or both sexes, were more likely to have engaged in risky behaviors than those who identified as heterosexual, but who did not have sexual contact with the same or both sexes.
Conclusions: The LCA method can be applied to identifying and defining risk behavior patterns among subgroups, which can improve specification of high-risk populations and allocation of prevention resources.

Key words: health conditions; high school student; latent class analysis; risk behaviors; sexual minority youth.


 
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Pubmed Style

Jiang Y, Mermin J, Cooper T, Reilly-Chammat R, Viner-Brown S. Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014


Web Style

Jiang Y, Mermin J, Cooper T, Reilly-Chammat R, Viner-Brown S. Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=299007 [Access: December 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jiang Y, Mermin J, Cooper T, Reilly-Chammat R, Viner-Brown S. Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jiang Y, Mermin J, Cooper T, Reilly-Chammat R, Viner-Brown S. Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. J Behav Health. (2018), [cited December 19, 2018]; 7(4): 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



Harvard Style

Jiang, Y., Mermin, . J., Cooper, . T., Reilly-Chammat, . R. & Viner-Brown, . S. (2018) Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. J Behav Health, 7 (4), 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



Turabian Style

Jiang, Yongwen, Jan Mermin, Tara Cooper, Rosemary Reilly-Chammat, and Samara Viner-Brown. 2018. Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



Chicago Style

Jiang, Yongwen, Jan Mermin, Tara Cooper, Rosemary Reilly-Chammat, and Samara Viner-Brown. "Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students." Journal of Behavioral Health 7 (2018), 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jiang, Yongwen, Jan Mermin, Tara Cooper, Rosemary Reilly-Chammat, and Samara Viner-Brown. "Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students." Journal of Behavioral Health 7.4 (2018), 193-203. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jiang, Y., Mermin, . J., Cooper, . T., Reilly-Chammat, . R. & Viner-Brown, . S. (2018) Using latent class analysis to profile risk behaviors among sexual minority students. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 193-203. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180512020014





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