ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke.

Abstract
Background: Many patients with behavioral health concerns seek services for their problems from primary care providers (PCPs) rather than specialty mental health services. This study investigated whether referrals by PCPs to integrated behavioral health specialists could be predicted by PCPs’ stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness, blaming of patients for their problems, and beliefs about the causes of mental illness.
Method: Participants were all PCPs (N = 22) from three integrated primary care clinics, all part of the same Federally Qualified Health Center. PCPs completed a brief packet of questionnaires. Referral rates (percentage of unique patients seen in the prior three months who were referred to integrated behavioral health specialists) were extracted from electronic medical records.
Results: PCPs showed moderate blame and low stigma towards patients with mental illness. PCPs reported mental illnesses were most strongly caused by environmental and biological factors, compared to psychological factors. Approximately 16% of patients seen by PCPs were referred to behavioral health specialists. Blame and stigma were not related to referral rates, but greater endorsement of biological causes was related to lower referral rates.
Conclusions: Educating PCPs into the psychosocial determinants of behavioral health problems might increase willingness to refer patients to integrated care specialists.

Key words: integrated care; referral; stigma; behavioral health


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817


Web Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=301801 [Access: July 16, 2019]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. J Behav Health. (2018), [cited July 16, 2019]; 7(4): 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



Harvard Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke (2018) Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. J Behav Health, 7 (4), 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



Turabian Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. 2018. Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



Chicago Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. "Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health." Journal of Behavioral Health 7 (2018), 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke. "Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health." Journal of Behavioral Health 7.4 (2018), 164-167. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ana Julia Bridges, Hayden T Pacl, Debbie Gomez, Aubrey R Dueweke (2018) Beliefs about Causes of Mental Illness Predict Provider Referrals to Behavioral Health. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 164-167. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180612104817





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