ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia

Amanuel Molla, Baye Gelaw, Zelalem Addis, Aschalew Gelaw.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Different types of marriage patterns such as polygyny and levirate marriages are expected to be risks for HIV infection in communities where such practices are common. Previous to this study a 6.5% HIV prevalence was reported in Gambella, a region where polygyny and levirate marriages are common. We conducted a cross sectional study to assess the sero-prevalence of HIV infection across different marriage patterns using 424 individuals attending Gambella Hospital. The overall HIV prevalence in the current study was 8.5%, with a prevalence of 3.5%, 4.0%, and 1.0% among monogamy, polygyny and unmarried individuals, respectively. Polygyny, illiteracy, levirate and gift marriage, rural residency, being house wife, lack of knowledge about HIV/AIDS, absence of discussion about HIV with partner, lack of knowledge about VCT and not being tested before were factors that showed statistically significant association with HIV infection at least in a bivariate analysis. The findings of this study indicated the need for fighting harmful traditional practices such as polygyny and levirate marriage through community dialogue and implementation of preventive measures to tackle HIV infection in Gambella administrative region in particular which may also hold true in some other parts of the country in general.

Key words: HIV status, Levirate marriage, Polygyny


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Neisseria gonorrhoeae among suspects of sexually transmitted infection in Gambella hospital, Ethiopia: risk factors and drug resistance
BMC Res Notes 2016; 9(1): .

1
 
Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011
BMJ Open 2015; 5(11): e008669.

2
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Molla A, Gelaw B, Addis Z, Gelaw A. Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(3): 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350


Web Style

Molla A, Gelaw B, Addis Z, Gelaw A. Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=34261 [Access: October 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Molla A, Gelaw B, Addis Z, Gelaw A. Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(3): 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Molla A, Gelaw B, Addis Z, Gelaw A. Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. J Behav Health. (2013), [cited October 18, 2018]; 2(3): 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



Harvard Style

Molla, A., Gelaw, B., Addis, Z. & Gelaw, A. (2013) Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. J Behav Health, 2 (3), 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



Turabian Style

Molla, Amanuel, Baye Gelaw, Zelalem Addis, and Aschalew Gelaw. 2013. Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (3), 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



Chicago Style

Molla, Amanuel, Baye Gelaw, Zelalem Addis, and Aschalew Gelaw. "Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia." Journal of Behavioral Health 2 (2013), 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Molla, Amanuel, Baye Gelaw, Zelalem Addis, and Aschalew Gelaw. "Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia." Journal of Behavioral Health 2.3 (2013), 223-229. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Molla, A., Gelaw, B., Addis, Z. & Gelaw, A. (2013) Marriage Patterns and Sero-prevalence of HIV Infection at Gambella Administrative Region, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (3), 223-229. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130726044350





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