E-ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health

Anupama S Prakash, Priya Subramaniam.

Abstract
AIM: Sense of Coherence (SOC) explains why some individuals cope up with extremely stressful life conditions and stay healthy, while others become ill and diseased. The present study was carried out to assess the SOC in parents of children with Down Syndrome and Intellectual Disability and whether it has any impact on their perception of maintaining oral health of their children.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study was conducted at various special schools in Bangalore. The study group consisted of parents of 30 children with Down Syndrome and parents of 30 Intellectually Disabled children. Parents of 30 healthy children formed the control group. All the children were aged between 10-15 years. Items in the SOC questionnaire were rated on a seven-point Likert scale, where participants were asked to understand each question and mark their response by circling one of the numbers from 1-7. The items were scored accordingly and the mean SOC score was calculated for each group using one-way ANOVA test. Pairwise comparison of mean SOC was done between the groups using Tukey’s HSD post hoc analysis. Significance was considered at p<0.05.
Parents in each group were also asked to respond to a questionnaire comprising 22 questions, including demographic details, behavioural and attitudinal variables regarding oral hygiene practice of the child and caregiver, their dietary preference and reason to visit a dental clinic. The groups were then compared for the variables using Chi-square test and p<0.05 was considered as significant.
RESULTS: The mean SOC value was 53.0±12.0 for parents of Down Syndrome children and 52.3±10.6 for parents of Intellectually Disabled children. Parents of healthy children had a mean SOC value of 81.0±3.3. The low SOC values seen among parents had a negative impact on their perception of their child’s oral health.
CONCLUSION: The mean SOC was found to be significantly low among parents of children with Down Syndrome and Intellectual Disability which had a negative impact on their perception of maintaining good oral hygiene of their children.

Key words: Sense of Coherence, Stress, Down syndrome, Intellectual disability, oral health


 
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Pubmed Style

Prakash AS, Subramaniam P, . Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . J Behav Health. 2019; 8(4): 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229


Web Style

Prakash AS, Subramaniam P, . Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=56716 [Access: April 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Prakash AS, Subramaniam P, . Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . J Behav Health. 2019; 8(4): 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Prakash AS, Subramaniam P, . Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . J Behav Health. (2019), [cited April 15, 2020]; 8(4): 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



Harvard Style

Prakash, A. S., Subramaniam, P. & (2019) Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . J Behav Health, 8 (4), 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



Turabian Style

Prakash, Anupama S, Priya Subramaniam, and . 2019. Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . Journal of Behavioral Health, 8 (4), 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



Chicago Style

Prakash, Anupama S, Priya Subramaniam, and . "Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health ." Journal of Behavioral Health 8 (2019), 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Prakash, Anupama S, Priya Subramaniam, and . "Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health ." Journal of Behavioral Health 8.4 (2019), 161-169. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Prakash, A. S., Subramaniam, P. & (2019) Assessment of Sense of Coherence among parents of children with Down syndrome and Intellectual disability and does this affect parents perception of their child's oral health . Journal of Behavioral Health, 8 (4), 161-169. doi:10.5455/jbh.20190717034229





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