Journal of Behavioral Health and Psychology. 2012; 2(2):(62-322)


Attitudes and practice of healthy lifestyle in young African American student population.

Avinash M Topè, Phyllis F Rogers

Abstract

Background: More young adults, especially young African Americans (AA) are at greater risk for Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Screening to determine its prevalence and evaluation of attitudes and practice of healthy lifestyles in this population is critical. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the attitudes and ascertain life style choices and the risk for MetS among college students comprising mostly AA young adults at a historically black college (HBCU). Participants: Each fall since 2009, freshmen students 18-24 years of age (n=376) attending Kentucky State University have participated in the study. Methods: MetS was defined using 2001 National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III. Anthropometrics and blood pressure were obtained, while lipid and glucose concentrations were determined. Results: Overall prevalence of MetS was 12%. More females than males believed in having three nutritious meals a day, maintaining a healthy weight, and reported avoiding use of alcohol and tobacco than males. However, more females than males had higher Body Mass Index (BMI) as well as waist circumference (WC). More males than females reported greater frequency of being physically active and having seven hours of sleep for most days in a week. Less than half the participants reported consuming less than the recommended five servings of fruit and vegetables and two servings of dairy per day. A statistical correlation was found between high WC and lack of minimum exercise and between high blood pressure (BP) and vegetable intake. Conclusions: Young AA adults have and are at a significantly higher risk for MetS. It is critical in any college setting, especially in HBCUs to re-implement the practice of performing physical examination at the time of admission and to collect and analyze the data from the health history of the students to offer well targeted Health Education Programs around healthy life style choices.

Most Viewed Article
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Physical Exercise among Pregnant Women Attending the Antenatal Clinic at Federal Medical Centre Asaba, Nigeria
    Ogbutor Udoji Godsday, Adijat Victoria Sumaila, Ephraim Chukwuemeka, Temitope Adebowale, Akinyemi Deborah, Ezunu Emmanuel, Nworah Awele Maria and Nwangwa Eze Kingsley
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Assessments of Depression Anxiety and Stress among Volunteers Health Workers in Lagos, Nigeria
    Odulate-Ogunubi B, Adelayo A.Y, Coker A.O and Alonge OA
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Diversity Inclusion and Lifestyle in Behavioral Health Care
    Pascal Scoles
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Changing AAPI Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Toward COVID-19 Pandemic in Pima County
    Howard J. Eng, MS, DrPH
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

Most Downloaded
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Physical Exercise among Pregnant Women Attending the Antenatal Clinic at Federal Medical Centre Asaba, Nigeria
    Ogbutor Udoji Godsday, Adijat Victoria Sumaila, Ephraim Chukwuemeka, Temitope Adebowale, Akinyemi Deborah, Ezunu Emmanuel, Nworah Awele Maria and Nwangwa Eze Kingsley
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Assessments of Depression Anxiety and Stress among Volunteers Health Workers in Lagos, Nigeria
    Odulate-Ogunubi B, Adelayo A.Y, Coker A.O and Alonge OA
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Diversity Inclusion and Lifestyle in Behavioral Health Care
    Pascal Scoles
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Changing AAPI Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Toward COVID-19 Pandemic in Pima County
    Howard J. Eng, MS, DrPH
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX