E-ISSN 2146-8346


Journal of Behavioral Health. 2015; 4(2):(140-295)


Awareness and practice related to dengue infection among military cadets in Malaysia

Mohammad Wisman Abdul Hamid, Halyna Lugova, Aye Aye Mon, Victor Feizal Knight

Abstract

Background: Dengue is among the world’s most emerging infections. The human behavior is largely overlooked to consider knowledge, attitude, and practice that could allow this infection to have a devastating impact on health. There is a lack of evidence on health behavior regarding dengue among military cadets, who will serve as role models and carriers of knowledge for the armed forces. Aim: The study was conducted to explore the awareness and preventive practice regarding dengue among military cadets in Malaysia. Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted in the National Defence University of Malaysia. Responses of self-administered structured questionnaire covering aspects of knowledge, attitude, and practices toward the dengue were obtained from 183 military cadets during health screening campaign. Results: Most of the respondents answered that a person with dengue may develop typical symptoms such as fever for 3-5 days (174, 95.1%), headache (169, 92.3%), joint pain (168, 91.8%), muscle pain (133, 72.7%), and rashes (138, 75.4%). The vast majority knew that dengue is transmitted by Aedes mosquito bites (179, 97.8%), mosquitos breed in clean stagnant water (155, 84.7%), and preventive measures include covering water containers (180, 98.4%), and cleaning garbage (173, 94.5%). Almost all perceived dengue as one of the most serious health problems (178, 97%) and felt that it requires prevention (168, 91.8%). About one-third always practiced wearing protective clothes (65, 35.5%), cut trees/vegetation around the house (65, 35.5%), used mosquito coils/liquids/vaporizers (62, 33.9%), electric fan (59, 32.2%), and mosquito bed net (50, 27.2%). A little portion always used insecticide spray (44, 24.0%), and window/doors screen (42, 23.0%). Conclusion: Better knowledge does not necessarily lead to better practice of dengue preventive measures. More emphasis must be given to educational campaigns for mosquito control practice among military cadets.

Most Viewed Article
  • Defining the personal determinants of health for older adults
    Stephanie MacLeod, Sandra Kraemer, Rifky Tkatch, Annette Fellows, Laurie Albright, Michael McGinn, James Schaeffer and Charlotte S. Yeh
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Habitat Divide in the Practice of Cleanliness as Disease Prevention Measure
    Dr Hamilton-Ekeke Joy-Telu, Dr Odibo Anthony Ajakpovi, Blessing C. Cleopas, Mercy Telu
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Test Period Stress: Factor on Eating and Physical Activity in College of Nayarit Mexico
    José Enrique Jiménez-Hernández and Gilberto Mercado-Mercado
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Does the Prevailing Awareness Reflect on Hygiene Practices for Handling Fish in Zanzibar?
    Zakia M. Abubakar, Rabia, A.R, Ali M. Ussi and Asma, A. Hamad
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

Most Downloaded
  • Defining the personal determinants of health for older adults
    Stephanie MacLeod, Sandra Kraemer, Rifky Tkatch, Annette Fellows, Laurie Albright, Michael McGinn, James Schaeffer and Charlotte S. Yeh
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Habitat Divide in the Practice of Cleanliness as Disease Prevention Measure
    Dr Hamilton-Ekeke Joy-Telu, Dr Odibo Anthony Ajakpovi, Blessing C. Cleopas, Mercy Telu
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Test Period Stress: Factor on Eating and Physical Activity in College of Nayarit Mexico
    José Enrique Jiménez-Hernández and Gilberto Mercado-Mercado
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Does the Prevailing Awareness Reflect on Hygiene Practices for Handling Fish in Zanzibar?
    Zakia M. Abubakar, Rabia, A.R, Ali M. Ussi and Asma, A. Hamad
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX