Journal of Behavioral Health and Psychology. 2015; 4(3):(145-318)


Effect of local authorities’ field monitoring visits on awareness of regulation and hygiene practices among street food vendors: Th e case of two district capitals in Ghana

Bismark Dwumfour-Asare

Abstract

Background: Street food vending is increasingly popular in Ghana though some studies show their association with high risk of infection. Most studies focus on microbial risks instead of the linkage between officials’ field visits and vendors’ awareness of the regulation and hygienic practices. This paper therefore assesses the association between perceived rate of authorities’ field visits and vendors’ awareness of regulation and hygiene practices. Methods: A total of 125 street food vendors from two district capitals, Mankranso (50) and Ejura (75), in the Ashanti region of Ghana, were sampled for interview around April-May 2013. Furthermore, a principal environmental health officer from each town was interviewed concerning food vending permit acquisition processes and field monitoring visits. Results: The key informants were confident that the existing processes and mechanisms could ensure compliance with food vending regulations and standards among street food vendors. Most vendors from Mankranso (78%, 39/50) reported that officials’ field visits were frequent unlike few vendors from Ejura (17%, 13/75). A good number of food vendors (80%, N = 125, P = 0.000) claimed they have permits but few (19%, N = 125, P = 0.036) could prove their claims. Meanwhile, almost all vendors (94%, N = 125, P = 0.014) claimed they knew their trade is regulated by law. However, a good number of vendors could not list two or more regulatory requirements and that consequently affected the overall regulatory consciousness levels to 74% (Mankranso) and 81% (Ejura) below average. Significant association and correlation was established between personal hygiene practice and reported field visits at Ejura (P = 0.028; R = 0.343 with P = 0.004) but not at Mankranso (P = 0.395; R = 0.175 with P > 0.05). The detailed results of all hygiene practices and awareness of food vending regulations are discussed. Conclusion: Street food vendors’ perception about officials’ visits do not necessarily influence hygiene practices since enforcement during visits could be weak or not fully embedded.

Most Viewed Article
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035

Most Downloaded
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035