Journal of Behavioral Health and Psychology. 2013; 2(2):(57-318)


Health, Social Inequalities and Food Expenditure: The implications of the economic and financial crises

Paul A. Bourne

Abstract

Introduction: Economic and financial crises have resulted in changes in health indicators and health financing in many developing nations. Yet no single study has evaluated health indicators (including illness, self-rated health, health care utilization, purchased medication, typology of health conditions) and food expenditure, and disaggregated these by social hierarchies. Objectives: This work assesses health indicators (including illness, self-rated health, health care utilization, purchased medication, typology of health conditions), food expenditure and disaggregated these by social hierarchies. This paper models self-rated health by some explanatory variables as well as annual food expenditure. Methods: Using household survey for 2007, the present study evaluates various health indicators by income quintile; model logged annual food expenditure and good-to-very good health status. Ordinary least square and multiple logistic regressions were used to establish the models. Findings: The main findings are 1) females continue to report lower good-to-very good health than their male counterparts; 2) rural residents experienced lower health status; 3) the economically vulnerable’s health is lower; 4) quality of health of those in tertiary level education is adversely affected; 5) health status of elderly is being negatively influenced; 6) the poorest spent US $6.06 (SD = US $ 3.94) daily on food compared to US 13.87 (SD = US $8.84) for those in the wealthiest income quintile; 7) 43 out of every 100 in the poorest income quintile had chronic conditions and purchased the prescribed medications compared to 73 out of every 100 in the wealthiest income quintile; 8) the greatest prevalence of people not to visit a health care practitioner were the poorest, and this was due to inafffordability (33%). Conclusion: The findings provide a platform for action and policy framework

Most Viewed Article
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035

Most Downloaded
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035