Journal of Behavioral Health and Psychology. 2020; 9(1):(279-318)


Illustration of alcohol use in classical Farsi-Dari (Persian) literature

Homayun Shahpesandy

Abstract
Alcohol has been known to people of Central Asia for millennia, and in line with local mythology, wine was used as an anaesthetic for the Caesarean birth of the mythical hero Rostam. In classical Farsi-Dari (Persian) literature, the term alcohol and/or wine is used in two different contexts; firstly, as an allegory; referring to a ‘divine wine’ and as a source of spiritual intoxication bringing the consumer closer to his Creator. This school of thoughts is symbolised by Rumi and Sufi poets; secondly, as a source of physical intoxication, bringing the drinker happiness and the ability to forget about everyday concerns. This school of opinions is represented by Khayyam and Manuchehri. From a religious point of view, alcohol is described as “the mother of all evil”. Nevertheless, there are also a lot of those, who praise wine for its hypnotic properties describing it as ‘a remedy for sleepless nights’, or for its anxiolytic characteristics, ‘taking away worries and bringing peace to one’s mind’; and notably for its antidepressant effects declaring ‘there is nothing better than wine to banish sadness’. The aim of this paper is to review Persian literature of Central Asia and neighbouring regions between the 10th and 14th centuries with the focus on alcohol and its illustration in the works of influential authors of the period, including Rudaki, Manuchehri, Khayyam, Rumi, Hafez, etc.
Most Viewed Article
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035

Most Downloaded
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035