Knowledge and attitudes of Turkish young adult men regarding HPV and HPV related diseases
Hatice BEBİŞ, Aslı GÜLEŞEN, Tülay ORTABAĞ
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide and majority of cervical cancers are attributed to HPV. Men’s sexual behavior plays a large role in the transmission of HPV and consequently cervical cancer. Awareness among men of HPV and the risks it poses for their female partners is therefore crucial especially because HPV is asymptomatic, and men are unlikely to know if they have been infected. In this study, it is aimed to identify the knowledge and attitudes of young male adults about HPV. Methods: The research was conducted in Gulhane Military Medical Academy in Ankara during April 2010-May 2011. Research group consisted of 874 private participants who agreed to participate. Data were collected with a form developed by the researchers including sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge level about HPV. In statistical analysis; frequencies and chi-square tests were utilized. For all the analysis, 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Participants had an average age of 23.4+2.9 and the average age of first sexual intercourse was 17.6+2.2. Three quarters of the participants (70.8%) didn’t hear HPV, 71.3% didn’t know that sexual partner can spread HPV without warts and 70.9% didn’t know that HPV causes cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. However, 6.1% of the respondents stated to have genital warts at any one time. 57.6% of the respondents stated that HPV spread through sexual intercourse. 17.3% of the respondents stated that they did not know whether they had HPV suspected sexual partners. Conclusions: As a result, knowledge level of the respondents was found to be quite low and three of every four respondents were found to have no idea about HPV. In this context, nurses are believed to have an important role in informing young male adults about HPV.