Psychiatric aspects of pain disorder and its management
Shazia Farheen Qureshi, Javed Ather Siddiqui, Abdullah Al Zahrani
Pain is one of the most difficult medical problems to diagnose and treat. It can be a common symptom of several psychiatric disorders. Pain-related issues are heterogeneous and often underestimated or misinterpreted, with the result that psychiatric interventions, which might have been beneficial from the outset, are often delayed or requested only as a last measure. There are several common psychiatric disorders accompanying and complicating the experience of pain that warrant clinical attention and that can be the focus of psychiatric treatment. These include depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, somatoform disorders, substance-related disorders, and personality disorders. Complex and disabling pain conditions often require comprehensive pain treatment programs, involving interdisciplinary and multimodal treatment approaches. The pharmacological treatment of pain is complex and implies a variety of different compounds, from opioids to psychotropic medications like antidepressants and anticonvulsants. This case report explores the mutual and reciprocal influence of psychotropic. There are many roles that the psychiatrist can perform in the assessment and treatment of the patients with pain.