ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.

Gabriel J Sanders, Corey A Peacock, Megan Williamson, Kayla Wilson, Andrew Carnes, Jacob E Barkley.

Cited by (6)

Abstract
Background. Children often play with more than one friend and there is no experimental evidence that has measured the effect of friendship groups on physical activity behavior. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to assess children’s physical activity in a controlled setting during three, separate social conditions; alone, with a single friend and with a group (four) of friends.
Methods. Twenty-four 6-10 year old children (n = 12 boys, n = 12 girls) participated in three separate free-choice social conditions for 30 minutes. For each condition, children could choose from a variety of physical and/or sedentary activities. Children’s physical activity was measure via accelerometry during each condition. Upon completion of each 30-minute condition children were given the option to participate in an additional 10-minute bonus period.
Results. Accelerometer counts were not significantly (p < 0.05) different throughout each 30-minute condition. However, during the optional, additional 10-minute bonus period, children’s physical activity significantly (p < 0.05) increased from the alone (713 ± 283 counts . min-1) to the friend (2,713 ± 339 counts . min-1) condition and then increased again from the friend to the group (3,253 ± 147 counts . min-1) condition. Also, a significantly greater (p < 0.001) proportion of children chose to participate in the 10-minute bonus period during the friend (92%) and group (100%) conditions than the alone condition (33%).
Conclusion. Playing with a single friend and a group of friends, relative to playing alone, is more motivating, and can increase physical activity when given the option for additional time. Additional research is warranted to experimentally assess how friendship groups can impact physical activity behavior during 60 minutes of free-choice activities.

Key words: Peer groups, accelerometer, sedentary behavior, physically active


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sanders GJ, Peacock CA, Williamson M, Wilson K, Carnes A, Barkley JE. The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(2): 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157


Web Style

Sanders GJ, Peacock CA, Williamson M, Wilson K, Carnes A, Barkley JE. The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=151147 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sanders GJ, Peacock CA, Williamson M, Wilson K, Carnes A, Barkley JE. The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(2): 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sanders GJ, Peacock CA, Williamson M, Wilson K, Carnes A, Barkley JE. The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. J Behav Health. (2014), [cited August 21, 2018]; 3(2): 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



Harvard Style

Sanders, G. J., Peacock, C. A., Williamson, M., Wilson, K., Carnes, A. & Barkley, J. E. (2014) The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. J Behav Health, 3 (2), 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



Turabian Style

Sanders, Gabriel J, Corey A Peacock, Megan Williamson, Kayla Wilson, Andrew Carnes, and Jacob E Barkley. 2014. The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (2), 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



Chicago Style

Sanders, Gabriel J, Corey A Peacock, Megan Williamson, Kayla Wilson, Andrew Carnes, and Jacob E Barkley. "The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.." Journal of Behavioral Health 3 (2014), 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sanders, Gabriel J, Corey A Peacock, Megan Williamson, Kayla Wilson, Andrew Carnes, and Jacob E Barkley. "The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.." Journal of Behavioral Health 3.2 (2014), 95-100. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sanders, G. J., Peacock, C. A., Williamson, M., Wilson, K., Carnes, A. & Barkley, J. E. (2014) The effect of friendship groups on children’s physical activity: An experimental study.. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (2), 95-100. doi:10.5455/jbh.20140424022157





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