ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh

S M Yasir Arafat, Shahoriar Ahmed, Faruq Ahmed, Sojib Bin Zaman, Amin Andalib.

Abstract
Introduction: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a chronic debilitating condition with long term sufferings and depression is considered as a common co-morbidity. Objective: It was aimed to see the depression status among the spinal cord injury patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Dhaka, Bangladesh from June 2016 to June 2017 among the patients with SCI. Data were collected with semi-structured self reporting validated Bengali version of Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) from 150 patients conveniently. Results: Among 150 respondents, 28.67% of the respondents were aged between 30-39 years, 90% male, 96% married, 29% illiterate, 64% had complete A in ASIA scale, and 96.67% had traumatic SCI. Among the participants, 30% had moderately severe depression, 28% moderate depression, 25.33% mild depression, 10.66% minimal depression and 6% had severe depression. Conclusion: There is scarcity of research specifically investigating predictors of depression and factors that influence depression over time among individuals with SCI. Further large scale studies are necessary to visualize the problem more vividly.

Key words: Depression, Spinal Cord Injury, PHQ-9, CRP, Bangladesh


 
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Pubmed Style

Arafat SMY, Ahmed S, Ahmed F, Zaman SB, Andalib A. Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(1): 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405


Web Style

Arafat SMY, Ahmed S, Ahmed F, Zaman SB, Andalib A. Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=275087 [Access: October 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arafat SMY, Ahmed S, Ahmed F, Zaman SB, Andalib A. Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(1): 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arafat SMY, Ahmed S, Ahmed F, Zaman SB, Andalib A. Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. J Behav Health. (2018), [cited October 18, 2018]; 7(1): 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



Harvard Style

Arafat, S. M. Y., Ahmed, S., Ahmed, F., Zaman, S. B. & Andalib, A. (2018) Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. J Behav Health, 7 (1), 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



Turabian Style

Arafat, S M Yasir, Shahoriar Ahmed, Faruq Ahmed, Sojib Bin Zaman, and Amin Andalib. 2018. Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (1), 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



Chicago Style

Arafat, S M Yasir, Shahoriar Ahmed, Faruq Ahmed, Sojib Bin Zaman, and Amin Andalib. "Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh." Journal of Behavioral Health 7 (2018), 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arafat, S M Yasir, Shahoriar Ahmed, Faruq Ahmed, Sojib Bin Zaman, and Amin Andalib. "Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh." Journal of Behavioral Health 7.1 (2018), 36-40. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arafat, S. M. Y., Ahmed, S., Ahmed, F., Zaman, S. B. & Andalib, A. (2018) Depression in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: a Cross-sectional Observation with PHQ-9 in a Rehabilitation Center of Bangladesh. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (1), 36-40. doi:10.5455/jbh.20171004071405





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