Journal of Behavioral Health and Psychology. 2015; 4(1):(134-318)


Predictors of cigarette smoking across fi ve countries: A cross-sectional study

Susan Abughosh, Ekere James Essien, Feras Hawari, Ronald J Peters, Xin Wang, Yasser Almogbel, Mo Yang, Prajakta Bhounsule, Sujit Sansgiry, I-Hsuan Wu

Abstract

Background: Tobacco use continues to be the leading cause of death and disability in both developed and developing countries and is expected to remain so in 2020. Our research team has collected and analyzed surveybased data on smoking habits from several countries around the world including China, India, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Taiwan. Our objectives here are to identify correlates of cigarette smoking that are common across these countries. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 3,658 participants from a convenience sample of adults from each country collected between 2008 and 2011. The survey included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, current and history of cigarette smoking, family and peer smoking, and perceived harm. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of cigarette smoking in the past 24 h as well as in the past month. Results: Approximately, 40% of the sample had smoked a cigarette in the past day and 44% in the past month. Significant predictors included male gender, aged 25 years or more, lower education level and school performance, medical profession, dyspepsia, feeling lonely and bothered by events, using other tobacco products, alcohol use and family and friend smoking. Those who received anti-smoking messages from teachers in schools were less likely to be smokers. Conclusions: Results underscore the importance of teachers and school based anti-smoking programs in smoking prevention across cultures and highlight the prominence of social peer pressure and smoking family members as major predictors of smoking that must be incorporated in any tobacco prevention or cessation program.

Most Viewed Article
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035

Most Downloaded
  • Using Social Media Engagement to Raise Pre-Diabetes Awareness for Rural Idaho Hispanics or Latinos
    Tanna M. Woods PhD MSN RN, Heidi K. Lewis DNP RN and Mary A. Nies PhD RN FAAN FAAHB
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.XXXXXX

  • Evaluating the Gap of Integrated Behavioral Health Programs for NCDs in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand
    Ronald R. O’Donnell, Jennifer Rolfes, Shiyou Wu, Mohamed Abdalla, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Pristine Mei, Pham Le An, Puchong Senanuch, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Virya Koy, Hong Tao, Kim Savuon and Rodger Kessler
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21038

  • Occupational Therapy Assessment and Intervention of a 22 Month Old Girl with Feeding Refusal
    Berta Gándara-Gafo PhD, Tania Moriyón-Iglesias MSc and Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille PhD
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21037

  • Biological sex and Covid-19: Science versus ideology
    Carole Jahme and Ulrich Kutschera
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21036

  • A case of chronic schizophrenia with emergent dementia: Successful medication reduction and its explication
    Grace E Jackson and Matthew Tunzi
    » Abstract » doi: 10.33425/2832-4579/21035