ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences

Zuzana HujovŠ.

Abstract
Background: Slovaks are known to be a population at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Objective: The aim of the study was description of gender and age differences in relation to anthropometric CVD risk factors among Oravian adults.
Participants: The study population consisted of 100 participants (50 males and 50 females) representing three age groups: 49% young adults (18-35 yrs), 34% middle-aged adults (36-60 yrs) and 17% of elderly adults (61-80 yrs) from the central-Slovakian region of Orava.
Methods: Anthropometric measurements, including weight, height (for BMI), waist and hip circumference (WHR), triceps and subscapular skinfold were used to calculate percentage body fat (BF). Measured blood pressure (BP) was used to classify for hypertension.
Results: The males (in comparison with the females) had higher means of BMI (25.58Ī3.51 kg/m2), WHR (0.91Ī0.07), sBP (145Ī16.57 mmHg) and dBP (87.5Ī13.67 mmHg), higher prevalence of overweight, obesity and hypertension (50%), cigarette smoking (36%), and lower levels of physical fitness (64%) and education and socioeconomic status (18%). The highest means of BF (32.5Ī 3.50%) and BMI (28.95Ī4.98 kg/m2) were recorded in elderly females (6% of them were morbidly obese), who had the greatest prevalence of high-risk WHR (75%) and body fat (87.5%). The highest means of WHR (0.95Ī0.09) and sBP (153.33 Ī15.81 mmHg) were determined in elderly males. 11.8% of the eldery participants were obese and morbidly obese and the middle-aged men (36-60 yrs) showed the highest prevalence of hypertension, at 72.2%.
Significant gender differences were found inWHR, sBP (p<0.001), BF (p=0.003), BMI (p=0.04) and significant age differences were shown in BMI, BF, WHR and obesity (p<0.001), sBP (p=0.001) and dBP (p=0.006). We found the strongliest relation BMI and BF in the elder group (r=0.803**) and relation WHR and BF in males (r=0.484**). A significant correlation between CVD family history and high-risk BF (p=0.006) was determined in males and a significant correlation between cigarette smoking and high-risk BF (p=0.04) in females. We also detected statistically significant association of education and age (p=0.000), especially in females.
Conclusion: The results of the study emphasize the need for comprehensive prevention of CVD risk factors among Oravian adults.

Key words: anthropometry, obesity, hypertension, males, females, adults, age


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710


Web Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=14444 [Access: May 27, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. J Behav Health. (2012), [cited May 27, 2018]; 1(4): 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



Harvard Style

Zuzana HujovŠ (2012) Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. J Behav Health, 1 (4), 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



Turabian Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. 2012. Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (4), 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



Chicago Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. "Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences." Journal of Behavioral Health 1 (2012), 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zuzana HujovŠ. "Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences." Journal of Behavioral Health 1.4 (2012), 294-301. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zuzana HujovŠ (2012) Some anthropometric risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Oravian Adults (Central Slovakia): gender and age differences. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (4), 294-301. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120824093710





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