ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini.

Abstract
The role of healthy diet as an effective tool to prevent chronic diseases is well established. Recently, most of the attention has been paid to food education since childhood. Aim of the present study was to evaluate generational and gender differences in perceiving the importance of healthy diet in a sample of subjects ranging from children to their grandparents. We studied 226 subjects, 74 children attending a primary school, 82 parents and 70 grandparents. Children received the Food Frequency Questionnaire and two “ad hoc” questionnaires, the former about general principles of food education and the latter about perception of the importance of healthy diet and the personal engagement to pursue it, while parents and grandparents received only this latter questionnaire. Both boys and girls reported to have little information on the different types of fats and which fats are harmful for their health. With regard to females, mothers’ engagement to pursue a healthy diet was significantly higher than that of grandmothers, while girls’ engagement did not exceed the already high engagement of their mothers. Regarding males, the engagement followed a similar increase across generations, without significant differences. However, despite different courses, no significant gender difference was detected within the new generation. This finding seems to be of extreme importance for all the professionals involved in food educational programs for childhood.

Key words: Nutrition, Food, Adolescents, Prevention, Education


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Maria Luisa E. Luisi
Articles by Raffaele Molino Lova
Articles by Luisa Bertulli
Articles by Francesco Sofi
Articles by Angelo Pietrobelli
Articles by Rosanna Intini
Articles by Claudio Macchi
Articles by Barbara Biffi
Articles by GianFranco Gensini
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3991
Downloaded: 770
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. World Health Organization Study Group. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation. WHO technical report series, 916; 2003.
2. de Lorgeril M, Salen P, Martin JL, Monjaud I, Delaye J, Mamelle N. Mediterranean Diet, Traditional Risk Factors, and the Rate of Cardiovascular Complications After Myocardial Infarction. Final Report of the Lyon Diet Heart Study. Circulation 1999; 99: 799-85. [DOI via Crossref]   
3. Sofi F, Cesari F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A. Adherence to Mediterranean diet and health status – A meta-analysis. BMJ 2008; 337: a1344. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, et al. INTERHEART study investigators. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 2004; 364: 937-952. [DOI via Crossref]   
5. Juonala M, Magnussen CG, Berenson GS, et al., Childhood adiposity, adult adiposity, and cardiovascular risk factors. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365: 1876-85. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
6. Kavey WRE, Daniels SR, Lauer RM, et al. American Heart Association Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Beginning in Childhood. Circulation 2003; 107: 1562-1566. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Briggs M, Safaii S, Beall DL. American Dietetic Association, Society for Nutrition Education, American School Food Service Association. Position of the American Dietetic Association, Society for Nutrition Education and American School Food Service Association-Nutrition services: an essential component of comprehensive school health programs. J Am Diet Assoc 2003; 103: 505-514. [Pubmed]   
8. McLaren L. Socioeconomic status and obesity. Epidemiol Rev 2007; 29: 29-48. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Klohe-Lehman DM, Freeland-Graves J, Anderson ER, et al. Nutrition knowledge is associated with greater weight loss in obese and overweight low-income mothers. J Am Diet Assoc 2006; 106: 65-75. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Domel SB, Baranowski T, Davis H, Leonard SB, Riley P, Baranowski J. Fruit and vegetable food frequencies by fourth and fifth grade students: validity and reliability. J Am Coll Nutr 1994; 13: 33-39. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Field AE, Peterson KE, Gortmaker SL, et al. Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire among fourth to seventh grade inner-city school children: implications of age and day-to-day variation in dietary intake. Public Health Nutr 1999; 2: 293-300. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Frank GC, Nicklas TA, Webber LS, et al. A food frequency questionnaire for adolescents: defining eating patterns. J Am Diet Assoc 1992; 92: 313-318. [Pubmed]   
13. Van Assema P, Brug J, Ronda G, Steenhuis I, Oenema A. A short dutch questionnaire to measure fruit and vegetable intake: relative validity among adults and adolescents. Nutr Health 2002; 16: 85-106. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Dammann KW, Smith C. Factors affecting low-income women's food choices and the perceived impact of dietary intake and socioeconomic status on their health and weight. J Nutr Educ Behav 2009; 41: 242-53. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Osler M, Heitmann BL, Schroll M. Ten year trends in the dietary habits of Danish men and women. Cohort and cross-sectional data. Eur J Clin Nutr 1997; 51: 535-541. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Hart KH, Bishop JA, Truby HJ. An investigation into school children's knowledge and awareness of food and nutrition. J Hum Nutr Diet 2002; 15: 129-140. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Von Post-Skagegard M, Samuelson G, Karlstrom B, et al. Changes in food habitus in healthy Swedish adolescents during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002; 56: 532-538. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Young L, Anderson J, Beckstrom L, et al. Using social marketing principles to guide the development of a nutrition education initiative for preschool-aged children. J Nutr Educ Behav 2004; 36: 250-257. [DOI via Crossref]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826


Web Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=15247 [Access: September 17, 2019]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. J Behav Health. 2012; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. J Behav Health. (2012), [cited September 17, 2019]; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



Harvard Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini (2012) Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. J Behav Health, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



Turabian Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. 2012. Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



Chicago Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. "Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences." Journal of Behavioral Health 1 (2012), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini. "Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences." Journal of Behavioral Health 1.1 (2012), 1-6. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maria Luisa E. Luisi, Raffaele Molino Lova, Luisa Bertulli, Francesco Sofi, Angelo Pietrobelli, Rosanna Intini, Claudio Macchi, Barbara Biffi, GianFranco Gensini (2012) Nutritional habits in a primary school children: generational and gender differences. Journal of Behavioral Health, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120312120826





Most Viewed Articles
  • Factors contributing to the increase in HIV and STD transmission among African American young adults in Mississippi
    Shemeka Hamlin-Palmer, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W. Campbell Jenkins
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(2): 118-126
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120328011808

  • Hypertensive patients: knowledge, Self-care management practices and challenges
    Verna Eugene, Paul Andrew Bourne
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(3): 259-268
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130217103511

  • "Olanzapine induced hypothermia: a rare case report"
    Javed Ather Siddiqui, Shazia Farheen Qureshi, Abdullah Al Zahrani
    J Behav Health. 2016; 5(4): 191-193
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160727120938

  • Trichobezoar due to psychiatric co-morbidity: A rare case report
    Javed Ather Siddiqi, Ali Mahmoud El Daous, Yousef Bin Ahmed Shawosh
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(1): 70-72
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160924112736

  • Psychiatric aspects of pain disorder and its management.
    Shazia Farhee Qureshi, Javed Ather Siddiqui, Abdullah Al Zahrani
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(3): 143-145
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20170123102818

  • Internet Gaming Disorder: A Case Report.
    Javed Ather Siddiqui, Shazia Farheen Qureshi, Abdul Khaliq Alghamdi
    J Behav Health. 2018; 7(1): 41-44
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20170928054951

  • Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors
    Marcello Spinella, Sara Martino, Christine Ferri
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

  • Feminist Identity and the Superwoman Ideal
    Sara M Martino, Shaelene R Lauriano
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(2): 167-172
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130224082826

  • Role of piracetam in treatment of cerebral palsy disease
    Marwa O. Elgendy, Sadia A. Tayel, Mohamed E.A. Abdelrahim, Ahmed M.A. Ali, Mohamed H. Meabed
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(1): 53-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120229090811

  • The relevance of staff performance evaluation in a pre - existing nursing environment: Everything is New to Everyone
    Hamidah Hassan, Ruth Packiavathy Rajen Durai, Maziah Marzuki, Santhna Letchimi Panduragan, Samsiah Mat
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 87-93
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120621074822

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet Gaming Disorder: A Case Report.
    Javed Ather Siddiqui, Shazia Farheen Qureshi, Abdul Khaliq Alghamdi
    J Behav Health. 2018; 7(1): 41-44
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20170928054951

  • Case study of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    Muhammad Zafar Iqbal
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(2): 99-102
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20161212125101

  • "Olanzapine induced hypothermia: a rare case report"
    Javed Ather Siddiqui, Shazia Farheen Qureshi, Abdullah Al Zahrani
    J Behav Health. 2016; 5(4): 191-193
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160727120938

  • Trichobezoar due to psychiatric co-morbidity: A rare case report
    Javed Ather Siddiqi, Ali Mahmoud El Daous, Yousef Bin Ahmed Shawosh
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(1): 70-72
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160924112736

  • Psychiatric aspects of pain disorder and its management.
    Shazia Farhee Qureshi, Javed Ather Siddiqui, Abdullah Al Zahrani
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(3): 143-145
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20170123102818

  • Hypertensive patients: knowledge, Self-care management practices and challenges
    Verna Eugene, Paul Andrew Bourne
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(3): 259-268
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130217103511

  • The Effectiveness of Breastfeeding Education: An Integrative Review
    Meltem Ugurlu, Tulay Yavan
    J Behav Health. 2016; 5(4): 182-190
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160224063449

  • Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being
    Allison A. Rissell, Brian K. Miller, Lisa K. Lloyd, James S. Williams
    J Behav Health. 2014; 3(1): 71-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20131231051431

  • Role of piracetam in treatment of cerebral palsy disease
    Marwa O. Elgendy, Sadia A. Tayel, Mohamed E.A. Abdelrahim, Ahmed M.A. Ali, Mohamed H. Meabed
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(1): 53-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120229090811

  • Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors
    Marcello Spinella, Sara Martino, Christine Ferri
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Suicide in Bangladesh: a Mini Review
    S.M. Yasir Arafat
    J Behav Health. 2017; 6(1): 66-69
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160904090206
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • What is lacking in patient-physician communication: Perspectives from Asian American breast cancer patients and oncologists
    Sunmin Lee, Lu Chen, Grace X Ma, Carolyn Y Fang
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(2): 102-109
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120403024919
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Cross Cultural Adaptation & Psychometric Validation of Research Instruments: a Methodological Review
    S.M. Yasir Arafat, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, MMA Salahuddin Qusar, M.A. Hafez
    J Behav Health. 2016; 5(3): 129-136
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160615121755
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Self-Rated Health and Association with ACEs
    Roberta Waite, Maureen Davey, Laura Lynch
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(3): 197-205
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130317033246
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Association of Changes in Sedentary Behavior on Changes in Depression Symptomology: Pilot Study
    Paul D. Loprinzi, Eveleen Sng
    J Behav Health. 2016; 5(3): 140-144
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160310105222
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association between physical activity behavior and sleep-related parameters of Adolescents
    Paul D. Loprinzi, Kevin E. Finn, Susan A. Harrington, Hyo Lee, Michael W. Beets, Bradley J. Cardinal
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 286-293
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120725113528
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The effect of friendship groups on childrens physical activity: An experimental study.
    Gabriel J Sanders, Corey A Peacock, Megan Williamson, Kayla Wilson, Andrew Carnes, Jacob E Barkley
    J Behav Health. 2014; 3(2): 95-100
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20140424022157
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Interference in the alcohol Stroop task with college student binge drinkers
    Kevin A Hallgren, Barbara S McCrady
    J Behav Health. 2013; 2(2): 112-119
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130224082728
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Perception of nut intake among individuals with or at risk for heart disease and/or diabetes
    Roman Pawlak, Hilary London, Sarah Colby , Elizabeth Wall-Bassett , Natalia Sira
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(3): 185-188
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120501060143
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Psychosocial factors associated with recent Alcohol use among Youth
    Keith King, Rebecca Vidourek, Mary Haag, Ashley Merianos
    J Behav Health. 2012; 1(4): 231-242
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jbh.20120801024224
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]