ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment

Michael Thomas Sliter, Steve Jex, Paula Grubb.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
While a great deal of research has investigated employee reactions to mistreatment, considerably fewer studies have investigated how the social environment in the workplace contributes to both 1.) the prevalence of mistreatment, and 2.) employee reactions when mistreatment occurs. In the present study we investigate three important components of the social environment of organizations—perceptions of organizational justice, the extent to which people within the organization generally treat each other with respect, and the level of social support with the organization—and show how these relate to the prevalence of both verbal aggression and social undermining. In addition to testing these relations, we test a mediational model whereby these components of the social environment are related to employee strain. More specifically, we propose that workplace mistreatment mediates the relation between these components of the social environment and employee strain. Data from the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS) supported the proposed relations between all three social environment components and the two forms of mistreatment. Furthermore, mediated regression analyses showed that mistreatment mediated the relation between perceived level of respect and all measures of strain. These results suggest that the social environment of the workplace may play a role in employee mistreatment and contribute, at least indirectly, to employee strain.

Key words: Mistreatment; Undermining; Verbal Aggression; Social Environment; Employee Well-Being; Workplace respect


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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Personnel Review 2018; 47(2): 441.

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Employee social environment (ESE) as a tool to decrease intention to leave
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2
 
Employee social environment (ESE) as a tool to decrease intention to leave
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sliter MT, Jex S, Grubb P. The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(2): 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134


Web Style

Sliter MT, Jex S, Grubb P. The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=29722 [Access: July 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sliter MT, Jex S, Grubb P. The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(2): 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sliter MT, Jex S, Grubb P. The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. J Behav Health. (2013), [cited July 21, 2018]; 2(2): 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



Harvard Style

Sliter, M. T., Jex, S. & Grubb, P. (2013) The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. J Behav Health, 2 (2), 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



Turabian Style

Sliter, Michael Thomas, Steve Jex, and Paula Grubb. 2013. The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (2), 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



Chicago Style

Sliter, Michael Thomas, Steve Jex, and Paula Grubb. "The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment." Journal of Behavioral Health 2 (2013), 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sliter, Michael Thomas, Steve Jex, and Paula Grubb. "The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment." Journal of Behavioral Health 2.2 (2013), 120-126. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sliter, M. T., Jex, S. & Grubb, P. (2013) The Relationship Between the Social Environment of Work and Workplace Mistreatment. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (2), 120-126. doi:10.5455/jbh.20130330090134





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